Debian 7 Linux
Installing Debian 7 Linux
Installing Debian 7 Linux
Debian 7.0, codename "Wheezy" is the latest version of Debian Linux. Debian is a free open source operating system that can be freely downloaded and installed. Debian is a very popular Linux distribution used by home users and as a server implementation. Debian is known for being a very stable Linux operating system. This is why many other Linux operating systems are based around Debian. To install Debian 7.0 simply follow the instructions below:
To download your iso image of Debian 7.0, simply click this Link: Debian 7.0
Once you have downloaded your Debian 7 iso image for the relevant architecture (32 bit or 64 bit system), you will need to burn this image to a DVD. For software that can do this for you, search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box located above. Your system may already have DVD/CD burning software installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your "iso" image of Debian 7 to your DVD, you will need to leave the DVD in the DVD drive and reboot your system. (This example assumes you are using a x86 32bit version of the software). As your computer reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display the a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the instructions below.
Debian 7 Installer Menu
To start your installation of Debian 7.0, simply highlight the "install" option and then press enter. Your installation will now start.
Select Installation Language
Select the Language you would like the installation to use. In the example I have chosen "English".
Select your Location
At this screen, you need to select your location. This location will be used for setting your time zone information. This information can be changed later if necessary after installation.
Select Keyboard Mapping
Choose your keyboard settings. In the example, British English is chosen as I am using an English keyboard.
Configuring the Network
At this screen you must choose a name your server will be known by on your network. This name is known as a hostname. In the example, I have chosen to call my server "debian"
Select a Domain Name
This option allows you to specify a domain name. In the example, I have used the domain name "home".
Create a root password
From this screen you must specify the root password that you wish to use for your system. Remember, the root account is the most powerful account on your system. Please choose a password that is not easily guessed! After you have supplied your root password, you will be asked to confirm this password before continuing.
Create a User Account
Initially you must supply the name of a new user account to use with your system. This will be your main account when you login. Additional users can be added after the installation.
Setup password for new Account
Here you will need to specify the password to initially be used with your new account.
Select a Disk partitioning scheme to be used with your installation. In the example, I have chosen to go with the "Guides - use entire disk and setup LVM".
Select Disk to be Partitioned
From this menu, highlight the disk that is going to be partitioned. In this example, I have only one disk assigned to my system.
In the example I have chosen to create a separate partition for my home area.
Confirm your Choices
At this screen you must confirm that you are happy with your choices and grant permission to the installer to write these partition changes to disk.
This is your last chance to go back and change your configuration if you are not happy. To continue, select "Finish partitioning and write changes to disk".
Write Changes to Disk
To format your partitions listed, select "yes" to write changes.
Installing the Base System
Installing core packages. No further action need at this screen.
Configuring the Package Manager
To supplement the software on your DVD, you may choose a network mirror to download newer versions of the software. In the example, I have chosen "yes" to use a network mirror.
Choosing a network mirror location
Select you nearest location from the list.
Select Debian Archive Mirror
In this example I have gone with the main "ftp.uk.debian.org" mirror.
If you choose to participate in this automated survey, details of your packages statistics will be sent to the developers.
So far only the core components of the system have been installed. From this menu, you will need to choose what type of role your system will carry out. From this screen I will select "Debian desktop environment". If this is a server build, I may choose some of the other available options. You can still install any of these components at a later time should you choose to do so.
Install the GRUB boot loader to the MBR
To install the GRUB boot loader to the MBR (Master Boot Record), select "yes".
Installation is now complete. You will need to reboot your system. Please ensure you have removed any DVDs from your drive before continuing.
Debian 7 Booting
Debian 7.0 should start automatically, you will see a Loading screen prior to your login screen.
To login into your Debian system, please provide your userid you created earlier. You will also need to type your password that you created for this account too. I have also selected the LXDE desktop from the pull down menu.
Debian 7 LXDE Desktop
Congratulations, you should now be at the desktop of your new Debian 7.0 system.