Fedora 20

Installing Fedora 20

Installing Fedora 20 GNOME Desktop Edition


Fedora 20 is a Linux distribution developed and supported by the Fedora Project which is an Open Source project formed by Red Hat and volunteers. RHEL (Red Hat's Enterprise Linux) is often based around developments that have been made within the "Fedora Project". The latest release of Fedora Linux is now Fedora 20, codenamed "Heisenbug" To download and install Fedora 20, simply follow the instruction guide below.

To download your iso image of Fedora 20, simply follow this Link: Fedora 20



Once you have downloaded your chosen "iso" image for your system (32 bit or 64bit), you will need to burn this image to a DVD. For DVD burning software that can do this, search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box located above. Your system may already come with DVD burning software installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". In the following example I have gone with the default GNOME desktop using a 32bit image. Once you have successfully burned your "iso" image of Fedora 20, you will need to leave the DVD in the DVD drive and reboot your system. As your computer reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" , "F12" or another key. Most systems display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed when they are booted. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order (sequence) that your system goes through. You will need to specify CD/DVD as the first boot option (before your hard drive). Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the settings below.



Starting Fedora 20


The installation of Fedora 20 will start shortly.


Starting Fedora 20 Live Boot

Fedora Loading Screen - Status Bar


The standard Red Hat style loading menu is initially displayed. Once loading is complete, you will arrive at a "live desktop". You can either choose to install or try Fedora 20 without installing to your hard drive.


Fedora 20 Loading Status Bar

Fedora 20 Live Desktop


From this screen you need to click on the "Install to Hard Drive" icon located on the right. You may choose the option to try Fedora first if you wish.


Live Desktop Fedora 20

Select Installation Language


Choose the Language you would like to use during your installation of Fedora 20. In the example I have chosen "English - United Kingdom". Your keyboard settings should be detected automatically. These will be displayed on the next screen where you can change if necessary.


Select Keyboard and Language Settings

Installation Summary Screen


This screen indicates your current selections. Check that you have the correct Language and keyboard settings. If these are not correct, simply click on the relevant option to change. Select the "Installation Destination" option to confirm your Hard Drive selection. Items marked with an exclamation mark "!" will need your attention before you can proceed. Network configuration settings may also be changed/defined here.


Installation Summary Screen

Installation Destination


At this screen, simply confirm this is the "Hard Drive" you wish to use for your installation. Once you have selected or verified your choice click on the "Done" button located in the upper left hand corner of the screen.


Modify or Confirm Installation Destination

Select Installation Options


At this screen you need to confirm your installation options. You can choose from the option "Automatically configure my Fedora installation to the disk(s) I selected and return me to the main menu" or Modify accordingly with the "Review/Modify" option. By default the Partition Scheme of "LVM" has been selected by default. Also the option to Encrypt your disk is set by default. If you go ahead with the Encryption option, you will be required to enter your pass phrase at boot time. Click "Continue" to carry on with your installation.


Installation Options Fedora 20

Disk Encryption Pass phrase


From the previous screen, I chose to allow the encryption of my hard drive. Now a Pass phrase needs to be entered. This will need to be entered each time you boot your Fedora installation. Add your pass phrase and then confirm. To continue with the installation click on the "Save Pass phrase" button.


Fedora 20 Pass phrase for Encryption

Installation Summary


Last chance to check your chosen options. If you are happy to continue with the installation, then click on the "Begin Installation" button in the lower right hand corner.


Fedora 20 Installation Summary

Configuration


From the next screen you are required to create a "root" account and a normal user account. Whilst you enter your credentials, the installation will continue in the background. To begin entering your details, click on the options "Root Password" and "User Creation".


Configure Account Details

Enter "root" Account Details


Click on the root password option. Now enter the password that you wish to use for your root account. The strength of your chosen password is indicated. If possible use a mixture of upper/lower case letters, numbers and symbols!



Create User Account


Now click on the "User Creation" option. This will allow you to create a normal user account. Select the option to allow this account to be an administrator. Also for security, select the "Require" a password for this account option.


Create Normal User Fedora 20 Installation

Installation now continues...


Fedora 20 will continue to install. This may take a while depending on the speed of the system you are installing on. Progress is indicated by the status bar.


Installation of Fedora 20

Installation is now Complete


Congratulations, your installation is now complete. You may now reboot your system. Remember to remove your installation media from your CD/DVD drive.


Fedora 20 Installation Complete

Reboot System


To finish your installation you must now restart your system. To accomplish this, click on the "quit" button in the previous screen shot. You will now be returned to the live desktop. From here you will need to click on the "Power" icon in the upper right corner of the screen. You should now have the options to "Restart" or "Power Off" your system.


Restart Fedora 20

Enter Pass phrase


To start your system, you must enter the pass phrase you created earlier to allow access to your drives.


Fedora 20 Login Screen


To access your desktop and configure GNOME, simply click on your userid. You will then be required to enter your password you created earlier.


Fedora 20 Login Screen

GNOME Initial Setup


The following section requires you to configure your GNOME desktop. Here you will be asked to select various options such as Language, Keyboard and online account settings. After each option select "Next". Once finished, select the option "Start using Fedora". Congratulations, you can now start using your new system.


Fedora 20 GNOME Configuration