Fedora 21

Installing Fedora 21 Workstation

Installing Fedora 21 Workstation Edition


Fedora 21 is a Linux distribution developed and supported by the Fedora Project which is an Open Source project formed by Red Hat and volunteers. Fedora 21 is the latest version of Fedora and it is available in 3 distinct builds. You can choose from a Workstation that comes with the Gnome Desktop or go for a server build or run your system from the cloud. In this example, we are going to install the workstation edition.

Fedora can be downloaded from the following location: Download Fedora

From the above link, you can choose which version of Fedora you wish to download (Workstation, Server or Cloud). Click on the "Workstation" option and then choose "Download". Here you can select either a 32bit or 64bit version to download. In the example that follows, we have downloaded a 64bit version of the operating system.



Once you have downloaded your chosen version of Fedora, you will need to burn this iso image to a DVD. For DVD burning software that can do this, search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box located above. Your system may already come with the necessary CD/DVD burning software installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have successfully burned your "iso" image of Fedora 21, you will need to leave the DVD in the DVD drive and reboot your system (assuming this is your intended installation target). If you are installing to "Visualization" software, simply copy the downloaded "iso" image to a folder that can be accessed by your software.

If you are booting from the DVD, you may need to modify your system's BIOS settings. This can be done as the system starts by pressing the appropriate key. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" , "F12" or another key. Most systems display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed when they are booted. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order (sequence) that your system goes through. You will need to specify CD/DVD as the first boot option (before your hard drive). Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the instructions below.



Starting Fedora 21


Once your system has booted, you will see an initial start-up screen similar to the one below. Here you must select the option "Start Fedora Live". (This option will be automatically selected after several seconds if no key is pressed).


Starting Fedora 21 Live Boot

Fedora 21 Live Desktop


Once loading is complete, you will arrive at a "Live Desktop". You can choose to install or try Fedora 21. If you choose the option to "Try", you will be taken to a live desktop where you can try Fedora 21 before actually installing to your hard drive. In this example, we are going to install Fedora, so we will select the "Install to Hard Drive" option.


Fedora 21 Try first or Install

Welcome to Fedora 21 - Language Selection


"What Language would you like to use during the installation process?" From this screen you need to select your chosen Language. Once you have made your selection, click "Continue".


Fedora 21 Language Selection

Installation Summary Screen


From this screen you can modify/set your time and date, select keyboard settings, specify network and hostname settings and choose what media your are going to install Fedora to. Items highlighted in orange will need to be dealt with before proceeding to the next step.


Fedora 21 Installation Summary Screen

Date and Time Settings


From this screen you can select your region/city (Time Zone). You can also modify the Network Time settings by pressing the small "cog" icon in the upper right corner. Once you are happy with your selections, click on the "Done" button in the upper left hand corner.


Fedora 21 Date and Time Settings

Keyboard Layout


At this screen you can select which keyboard layout you are going to use on your system. Additional languages can be selected by clicking on the plus "+" sign in the lower left hand corner. If you have multiple entries, you can move the language of your choice to the top by using the up and down arrows. The language at the top of the list is the default language to be used. Once you have made your selection, click "Done" to continue.


Fedora 21 Default Keyboard Settings

Network and Hostname Settings


From this screen you can specify the hostname to be used for your system. Network settings can be changed later from the Live Desktop or after installation. By default "DHCP" is selected. This will normally assign an IP address directly from your router. In this example, I have given my system the hostname "fedora01". Click "Done" to continue.


Fedora 21 Network and Hostname Settings

Installation Destination


At this screen you must select the device you are going to install Fedora 21 to. In this example, I am using a 10GB disk. By default, "Automatic Partitioning" is selected. If you would prefer to specify your own disk partitioning scheme, then choose the option "I will configure partitioning". Other options from this screen include the option to encrypt your data. For an overview of your selections and bootloader configuration, you can click the link in the lower corner. In this example, I have accepted the default options and gone with the automatic partitioning. Click "Done" to continue.


Fedora 21 Installation Destination

Begin Installation


Once all you options have been chosen, you can now click on the "Begin Installation" button in the lower right of the screen.


Fedora 21 Begin Installation

Configuration


At this screen you will need to specify a password to be used for the "root" account and you also have the option of creating a new user on the system. Click on each option in turn to make your changes.


Fedora 21 User Creation

Set root password


At this screen you must specify a password that is to be used by the "root" account. Remember, this is the most powerful account on the system, so the password should strong. If you do set a weak password, you will need to click on the "Done" button twice to acknowledge this fact. Once you have specified your password, click "Done" to continue.


Create root password

Create User


At this screen you must specify a user name and a password. If you want to make this account an administrator of your system, you should select the option "make this user administrator". By default, the option to use a password is selected. It is recommended that you accept this setting. Once you have made your choices, click on "Done" to continue.


Create first real user

Installation now Complete


Fedora 21 continues to install. Progress is indicated by a status bar located towards the bottom of the screen. Once installation is complete, you will see the following message.


Fedora 21 Installation Complete

Reboot System


To finish your installation you must now restart your system. To accomplish this, click on the small arrow in the upper right hand corner of your screen. A menu will now appear which allows you to make changes to your network configuration or restart your system. We are going to choose the option to restart. This is done by clicking on the circular icon in the right hand corner of the menu. You will get the option to "Shutdown or Restart". Choose "Restart". Remember to remove any media from your drive.


Restart Fedora 21

First Login


Once you system has restarted, you will need to login with the account you created earlier. Click on the name, a box will appear where you can type your password information.


Fedora 21 Login Screen

GNOME Initial Setup


The following section requires you to configure your GNOME desktop. Here you will be asked to select various options such as Language, Keyboard and online account settings. After each option select "Next". Once finished, select the option "Start using Fedora". Congratulations, you can now start using your new system.


Fedora 21 GNOME Configuration

Getting Started with Fedora 21 - Gnome Help


Once you have completed the Gnome initial setup, you are presented with an overview/tutorial. It is worth taking a look as there are many useful tips. Once you have viewed the content, you can click on the cross in the upper right corner to close.


Fedora 21 GNOME Getting Started

Fedora 21 Gnome Desktop


Congratulations, you can now start enjoying your new system. Software can be selected by clicking on "Activities".


Fedora 21 GNOME Getting Started