Install Lubuntu 16.04 LTS
Lubuntu 16.04 LTS
Lubuntu is a lightweight flavour of Linux based around the popular Ubuntu distribution. Lubuntu uses the LXDE desktop by default (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) providing an environment that can be used on older or slower hardware as well as the latest hardware . Lubuntu provides a selection of light applications such as the popular Abiword (Word Processor) and Gnumeric (Spreadsheet). Firefox is also provided as the default web browser along with the Audacious Music player. As with all Ubuntu derivatives, Lubuntu has full access to all the standard Ubuntu repositories.
Installing Lubuntu Linux (Lubuntu 16.04 LTS)
Lubuntu can be downloaded from the link provided below. Several versions of Lubuntu are available in either a 32bit or 64bit format. For PCS/Laptops older than 2007, it is recommended you use the 32bit version of the installation image. Newer hardware with Intel or AMD processors should use the 64 bit version. Other versions are also available for Mac and Raspberry Pi hardware.
The minimum hardware specification for Lubuntu is to have at least 1GB of Memory and a minimum CPU processor type of Pentium 4 or Pentium M (or equivalent).
Once you have downloaded your chosen iso image of Lubuntu, you will need to burn this image to a DVD. For software that can do this, you can search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box provided above. Your computer may already have CD/DVD burning software already installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Lubuntu to your Media, you will need to place your DVD disc into the DVD drive of the target system and reboot your system. As your computer system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your system's BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once this change has been made, you can now reboot your system and follow the installation guide below. If you are installing into a Virtual Environment, simply copy the "iso" image to the relevant location provided by your software.
At this first screen, you must choose the language to use throughout the installation. In the example, I have chosen English. Once you have made your selection, press the "Enter" key on your keyboard to confirm.
Try or Install Lubuntu
At this screen you must choose whether you want to "Try Lubuntu without Installing" or go directly to the installation option of "Install Lubuntu". In this example, I am going to go with the "Install Lubuntu" option.
From this welcome screen, choose the language you would like to use for your installation of Lubuntu. In the Example, "English" has been selected. Once you have made your selection, click on "Continue".
Preparing to Install
From this screen you have two options to choose. The first option if checked will allow the latest updates and packages to be downloaded whilst Lubuntu is installed on your computer. The second option is recommended as this will install all the necessary codecs that are required for the playback of multi media (music/video etc..) and popular drivers for WiFi hardware. Once you have made your selections, click "Continue".
At this screen several installation options are available to choose from. In the example below, I am installing to an empty disk with no other operating systems or data present. If you have another operating system present, Lubuntu should find this and give you additional options regarding installing this new system along side the existing system. In this particular example I have chosen the option of "Erase disk and install Lubuntu". You may also choose the LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Option as this makes for the adding of additional disks at a later date easier to manage. However, it is not necessary to choose the "LVM" option.
(For more information regarding "LVM" see the LVM Guide) An option for the encrypting of your installation is available. You may wish to consider this option if your system is a portable device such as a Laptop or Netbook. If you would like to create your own partitions manually, then an option of "Something else" can be selected. Once you have made your selections, click on the "Install Now" option to continue with your Lubuntu installation.
Write the changes to disk?
Before you can continue with your installation, you will have to confirm you are happy with changes that are going to be made to your disks. Click "Continue" or use the option "Go Back" to make any amendments to your previous selections.
Where are you?
At this next screen you must choose your geographical location. If you have an active "internet" connection, your location should be found automatically for you. This location setting will also be used for your system's time zone settings. If your location was not automatically found, or you wish to change the currently displayed location, simply type your new location into the search box provided.
At this screen you can select your keyboard settings and layout. In the example below I have chosen the keyboard layout "English (UK)". You can also try your keyboard settings by typing into the text box area provided. Once you have made your selection, click "Continue".
Who are you?
The following screen requires you to create a user on your system and provide a name (hostname) to identify your computer on your network. You will be asked to provide a user name and password. You must provide a name for your computer to be identified on your network (hostname). It is advisable to Select the option "require my password to login" as extra security (this is the default option). An option to encrypt your home area for added security is available. Simply place a tick in the selection box for this option. Once you have made your choices, click on "Continue".
Welcome to Lubuntu 16.04
This next phase is the actual installation of your new Operating System. As the software is installed, progress is indicated along the bottom of the screen. A slide show presentation can be viewed by clicking on the ">" arrows located to the side of the screen. Here you can get a quick overview of some of the new features and software that are included within this release of Lubuntu. No further action is required at this stage of the installation process.
Congratulations, your Lubuntu 16.04 LTS installation is now complete. You will now need to restart your computer to use your new installation. Please remove any installation media from your drives. Click "Restart Now" to start using your new system.
Lubuntu Login Screen
Once your system has started, you should see a login screen similar to the one shown below. At this screen you must enter the password for the user you created in the previous steps. Once you have entered your credentials, click on "Login".
Lubuntu LXDE Desktop
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Lubuntu 16.04 LTS. You are now at the "LXDE" desktop. To access all your software, click on the LXDE icon in the lower left hand corner of the screen.