Installing Mageia 4.1 Linux
Installing Mageia 4.1 with KDE Desktop
Mageia 4 is a GNU/Linux based free operating system that was originally forked from the distribution Mandriva Linux. Mageia was created back in the year 2010 as a fork of Mandriva Linux by a group of former employees of Mandriva S.A. and several other developers and users. When installing Mageia, you have a choice of desktops, you can either choose the KDE desktop, Gnome or the LXDE desktop. Mageia comes with a wide range of software to cover most peoples needs. By default Mageia comes with the Firefox Browser, FileZilla, Kmail email client, Libre Office suite, Gimp (image manipulation software), Amorak Music Manager, Audacity Sound Editing software, Kdragon Video player, Kdenlive video editing software and many other popular software products.
To download your iso image of Mageia 4.1, simply follow this Link: Mageia Download
Once you have downloaded your Mageia 4.1 iso image that matches your hardware (32bit or 64bit), you will need to burn this image to a blank DVD. For software that can do this, search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box located towards the top of this page. Your computer probably has CD/DVD burning software installed already, such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your "iso" image of Mageia 4 to your DVD, you will need to leave the DVD in the DVD drive and reboot your system. (Assuming that this machine is your intended target system for installation). As your system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot sequence order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the instructional guide below.
Mageia 4 Installation
To initiate the installation of Mageia 4, select the option "Install Mageia 4" from the menu.
Select Installation Language
From this screen you will need to select the language that you wish to use throughout the installation. In this example, "English (British)" has been chosen.
Accept License Agreement
To continue with the installation, you need to accept the license agreement and click the option "Next".
Select Keyboard Type
From this screen you need to pick the keyboard that matches your system. In this example, "UK Keyboard" has been selected automatically.
From this screen you are represented with the option to partition the found hard drive. Depending on your system, multiple options may be available. In the example, I am using an empty hard drive and the option to "Use Free Space" has been chosen. You also have the option to create a custom partition scheme.
Additional Media Selection
From this screen you can choose to add further media that can be used with your system. In this example, the option "None" has been chosen as we are going with the default option.
At this screen we are going to choose the option "Nonfree Release", this will install the necessary audio and video drivers that are used by many software packages.
Choose your Desktop
The next section of this installation involves selecting a desktop to be used with your new installation. In this example, I have chosen "KDE". You can choose from "Gnome", or LXDE" if you prefer.
Installing Mageia - Progress Screen
This screen indicates the progress of your installation. An estimated time is given for the completion of the installation. Generally this is between 20 to 30 minutes depending on the speed of your system and options chosen. Whilst the system is installed, a slide show is displayed indicating some of the features of Mageia.
User Management - Create a New User
At this screen you will need to supply a root password to be used. You also have to create a none root user on the system.
Choose a Monitor
At this next screen, you must specify a monitor. Here I have gone with the default option of "Plug and Play". More specific options can be found under the vendor specific option.
From this screen we can see the options that have been chosen for the installation. If any items need to be modified, simply click on the relevant configure box. Once you are happy with your selections, click "Next" to continue with the installation.
Mageia 4 Updates
From this screen you have the opportunity to download any updated packages that have been released since the original "iso" image was made available. If you wish to install any updates, select the "Yes" option otherwise select "No". In this example, I have chosen to download any updates. A further screen will be displayed confirming any packages that are to be downloaded. Simply accept these packages by clicking "OK".
Congratulations - Installation Complete
Mageia 4 is now installed on your system. Please remove any installation media from your drives before pressing the "reboot" button. Once the "reboot" option has been selected, your system will now boot and you will be presented with a login screen similar to the one below.
At the login screen, simply select the user you created in the previous step and enter your password.
Welcome Desktop Screen
Your system is now ready to use. Release documents and quick howto guides are available by clicking on the relevant links.
After installation, the default hostname of "localhost" has been used. To change this, simply edit the file "/etc/hostname". Within this file, you will see an entry called "localhost". This can be deleted and replaced with the name you wish to give your system. For example mageia01. To edit the file, you will need to use a text editor such as "kwrite" or use the vi editor. You will need to be running as root to make any changes to this file. To obtain root privileges, you can open a terminal "Console" by right clicking on the desktop and selecting "Konsole". Once the console has been opened, simply issue the following commands:
You will need to supply the "root" password when prompted after issuing the "su" command. Once you have saved your changes, the next time you reboot, the new hostname will be used.