Install Linux Mint 18
Installing Linux Mint 18
Linux Mint is a very popular Linux distribution that is based based on the popular Ubuntu Linux distribution. Linux Mint 18 is a Long Term Support (LTS) edition that will be supported until 2021. Many new applications are now available within Mint 18 as part of the "X-Apps" project; these include "Xed" as the new text editor, "Xviewer" as the default image viewer, "Xreader" a new document and pdf reader, "Xplayer" a new media player for music and video. By default you get the Firefox Web Browser, Thunderbird email client, GIMP image editing software, Libre Office (Full Office Suite) version 5.1.22, Banshee Music manager for organising your media collections, Brasero for creating and copying CDs/DVDs and VLC media player. In the example below, we will look at installing the Linux Mint 18 MATE edition (64 bit).
To download your copy of Linux Mint 18, simply click on the download link below:
Download Linux Mint 18 MATE Desktop Edition
Once you have your downloaded your "iso" image of Linux Mint 18 in either a 32 bit or 64 bit form, you will need to burn this image file to a DVD. If you do not have the necessary software that can burn a DVD, then you can search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box located above. Your Computer will probably already have DVD burning software installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". (If you are using virtualization software for your installation, then simply place the selected iso image in the relevant directory). Once you have successfully burned your chosen "iso" image of Linux Mint 18, you will need to place this into the target drive of the system you are going to install Linux Mint 18 on. You will then need to reboot your computer. As your computer boots, you may need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many computers this key could be "F8", "F11", "F12" or another key. Most systems will display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed to access the BIOS. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first if this is not already set. Once this change has been made and saved, you can reboot your system and follow the instructions below.
Linux Mint 18 Requirements
512MB RAM (1GB recommended for a comfortable usage).
9GB of disk space (20GB recommended).
1024×768 resolution (on lower resolutions, press ALT to drag windows with the mouse if they don’t fit in the screen).
The 64-bit ISO can boot with BIOS or UEFI.
The 32-bit ISO can only boot with BIOS.
The 64-bit ISO is recommend for all modern computers (Almost all computers sold in the last 10 years are equipped with 64-bit processors).
Live Boot DVD - Try Linux Mint 18
Linux Mint 18 will quickly boot to what is known as a "Live Desktop Environment". Here you can try out Linux Mint 18 before committing to a full installation to your hard drive. Mint 18 will load as a "try before you install "system. Once loaded, you can test the Operating System without installing any software. If you are happy for Mint 18 to be installed to your hard disk, then simply follow the installation guide below:
Starting the Linux Mint Install Process
Linux Mint will automatically load the "Live Boot Version" after a period of 10 seconds.
Linux Mint 18 Live Desktop
At this screen you can try out the latest version of Linux Mint. You can try out the software and ensure that everything works with your hardware. Once you are happy to go ahead and install Linux Mint to your Hard Drive, you will need to click the "Install Linux Mint" icon.
Welcome - Choose Installation Language
At this screen, select the language that you would like to use during your installation of Linux Mint. This language will be used throughout your installation. Once you have made your choice, select "Continue". In this example, I have chosen the language "English".
Preparing to install Linux Mint 18
For best results, ensure that your computer has at least 9.4 GB of available drive space and has an active internet connection. You may also choose to have additional 3rd party software for the handling of hardware, Audio and Video playback. Once you have made your choice, click "Continue" to carry on with the installation process.
Select Installation Type
At this screen you must choose your installation type. The options available are:
"Erase disk and install Linux Mint". This will delete any files on your disk.
"Encrypt the new Linux Mint installation for Security".
"Use LVM with the new Linux Mint installation", This will set up Logical Volume Management.
"Something else" You can create or resize partitions yourself, or choose multiple partitions.
In this example, I have used the default option of "Erase disk and install Linux Mint.
Confirm Installation of Linux Mint
Select "Continue" The specified changes listed will be written to your disk. Select "Continue" to continue with the installation.
Where are You? - Select your Location
From this screen, select your current location. This setting will also be used for setting your time zone. In this example, United Kingdom has been selected automatically as I am installing from the UK. Once you have made your selection, click "Continue"
Choose Keyboard Layout
At this screen, select your keyboard layout. In this example "English (UK)" has been chosen. You may type into the text box to test your keyboard settings. Click "Continue" once you have made your choice.
Who are you? - Creating a New User
From this screen you must provide your name, a name to identify your computer (hostname), a username and supply a password. From this screen you also have the option of selecting to "Login automatically" and to encrypt your home folder. It is advisable to use the option "Require my password". Once you have entered your credentials, click "Continue"
Welcome to Linux Mint 18 - Copying Files
Your installation files are now being copied to your hard drive. While these files are copied a slide show presentation will be displayed showing some of the new features that are included within Linux Mint 18 Sarah.
Congratulations your installation of Linux Mint is now complete. To start using your new system you must now restart your computer. Remember to remove your installation disk before rebooting!
To login to your Mint 18 system, you will need to use the user name and password that you created earlier.
Welcome Screen Linux Mint 18 (Sarah)
You should now see your desktop. You will be greeted with a screen displaying various links to useful information.
Linux Mint 18 MATE Desktop
To access your applications, click the "Linux Mint" icon in the lower left corner of your desktop.