Installing Oracle Linux 7
Installing Oracle Linux 7
Oracle Linux 7, previously known as Oracle Enterprise Linux, is a distribution based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Like other RHEL based distributions, Oracle's Linux is repackaged and branded and distributed freely under the GNU General Public License (GPL). Updates are available via the public repositories, however, official support from Oracle will come at a cost. Oracle Linux 7 features XFS as its default filesystem giving the potential for filesystems with a maximum size of 500TB (Terabytes) and a maximum file size of 16TB. Oracle Linux also supports the Btrfs filesystem, Linux Containers, ksplice, DTrace, Xen enhancements, and OpenStack cloud support. Two kernels are available: "Red Hat Compatible Kernel" which is identical to the kernel that is shipped with Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and Oracle's Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK).
Oracle Linux 7 is available from Oracle's E delivery service and also various mirror sites. To download from Oracle's E Delivery service you must register first.
Register and Download Oracle 7 Oracle E Delivery
Download Oracle Linux 7 from a Mirror: Oracle Linux Download Mirrors
To install Oracle Linux 7 simply follow the instructions below:
Once you have downloaded your Oracle Linux iso image, you will need to burn this to a blank DVD. For software that can do this, simply search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box located towards the top of this page. Your computer probably has CD/DVD burning software installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your "iso" image of Oracle Linux 7 to your DVD, you will need to place the DVD in the drive of the computer you are going to carry out the installation on. Once the disk has been loaded, simply reboot your system. As your computer reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display the a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot sequence order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the instructions below.
Oracle Linux 7 Installer
To start your installation of Oracle Linux, simply highlight the option "Install Oracle Linux 7.0" then press enter. Your installation will now start. You may also choose to test the media first before installing (always recommended).
Welcome to Oracle Linux 7.0
From this screen you will need to choose the language that is going to be used during the installation process. In the example, "English United Kingdom" has been chosen.
At this screen various options are available to choose from. However, you must address any highlighted options before you can continue with your installation. In this example installation we will choose to change the "Software Selection" from a minimal installation to that of an installation with a GUI desktop. We will also configure the network and hostname.
From this screen you can choose the role your server/computer is going to be created for. Various build options are available to choose from. These include: "Minimal Install (default)", "Infrastructure Server", "File and Print Server", "Basic Web Server", "Virtualization Host" or "Server with GUI". In this example I have chosen the "Server with GUI" option.
From this screen you need to confirm the device(s) that you wish to install to. You also have the option of encrypting your data. These additional options can be chosen by placing a tick in the relevant box. For this installation, we have gone with the default options (automatic partitioning scheme). Once you are happy with your chosen options, you will need to click "Done" to continue with the installation.
Network and Hostname
From this menu, we are going to configure the network and give our system a name (hostname). If your system is connected to your network, you can simply select the "On" position to connect to your network. The hostname is set by typing a unique name for your system in the lower left hand corner. In this example we successfully connected to our DHCP server and obtained an IP address. If you are not using DHCP to supply an IP address, then you will need to click on the "Configure" option in the lower right of the screen. Here you will be asked to supply your network information: IP address, Netmask and Gateway information. Once you have completed this section, click on "Done" to continue.
Oracle Linux 7.0 Installation Summary Screen
Once you are happy with the selections you have made, click on the "Begin Installation" option in the lower right hand corner of the screen. No changes will be made to your disks until you click this option.
User Account Configuration Screen
The next section of this installation requires a root password to be supplied along with the name of a User. Click on each of the highlighted options in turn to enter the requested information.
You must now specify a root password to be used for administering your system. Note, if you supply a weak password, you will be asked to press "Done" twice to confirm you have chosen a weak password!
Create a User
From this screen you must define the name of a user for your system. you may also wish to select the option to make this user an "Administrator". Again, if you supply a weak password, you will be asked to confirm this. Once you have supplied the relevant credentials, simply click "Done" to continue with the installation.
Progress of the installation is indicated by the progress bar.
Your installation is now complete, however, various other steps are required before you can use your new installation. These steps include accepting the "license agreement" and specifying whether "kdump" is to be used". Click on "Reboot" in the lower right hand corner to finalise your installation. Remember to remove any installation media from your drives. To accept the license agreement, simply click on the icon and select the option to accept the license.
Oracle Linux 7 Starting
As Oracle Linux starts, a simple progress indicator is displayed.
At this screen you will need to accept the "License Agreement". Click on the highlighted option. Now click on the option "I accept the license agreement". Once you have accepted, click on "Done" to continue.
Next click on the "FINISH CONFIGURATION" option in the lower right hand corner of the screen.
Kdump is a kernel crash dumping mechanism that can record important system information in the event of a system crash. This information is used to help diagnose the problem. In this example, I have chosen not to use the "kdump" option.
Setup Software Updates
At this screen you have the option to register to the "Unbreakable Linux Network". In this example, I have chosen register at a later point. Click "Forward" to continue with the configuration.
If you have chosen not to register, you will receive another message asking if you are sure that you don't want to connect your system to the "Unbreakable Linux Network". To continue simply click "No thanks, I'll connect later".
Finish Updates Setup
At this screen you need to click on the "Forward" button to continue. Your system will now reboot.
Once your system has rebooted, you will be able to login to the account you created in an earlier step. Click on the user name. Here you will need to enter the password that you created earlier.
Once you have logged in successfully, you will need to complete a couple of selections. You will be asked to confirm your "Country", Verify your input source. And finally you need to click on the large blue "Start Using Oracle Linux Server" button.
Oracle Linux 7 Desktop
Congratulations, you may now use your new installation.