Install Ubuntu 14.10
Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic Unicorn)
Ubuntu 14.10 Code named "Utopic Unicorn" is the latest release of Ubuntu Linux. Ubuntu is one of the most popular desktop distributions ideally suited to both new and experienced users of Linux. With the latest Ubuntu 14.10 you get as standard the Firefox Web Browser, RhythmBox Music Manager, a Full Office suite - Libre Office and the popular ThunderBird email client and Shotwell photo manager. Although not much appears to have changed in appearance, many stability and improvements have been made including better video driver support. Ubuntu 14.10 is now shipping with kernel version 3.16.
Installing Ubuntu Linux (Ubuntu 14.10 - Utopic Unicorn)
To try Ubuntu 14.10, simply download the image that matches your processor type (32bit - 64bit) from the link below:
Download Ubuntu 14.10
Once you have downloaded the relevant "iso" image that matches your systems architecture (32bit/64bit), you will need to burn this image to a DVD. For software that can do this, search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box above. Your computer may already have CD/DVD burning software such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu to your DVD, you will need to place your DVD into the DVD drive of the target system and reboot your system. As your computer reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your system's BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the Instructions below.
From the Welcome Screen you have the option of trying out Ubuntu first before installing. If you choose the "Try" option, you can try Ubuntu without installing anything to your hard drive. This option is useful as it allows you to test your wifi settings and the operating system before committing to an installation. To install Ubuntu Linux to your hard drive, choose the "install" option. Also from this screen you can specify the language to be used throughout the installation. In this example "English" has been chosen.
Preparing to Install Ubuntu 14.10
At this screen, you are reminded of the minimum space requirements that are needed for this installation. You also need an active connection to the internet. You may also choose the option to install "third party software". This latter option is recommended as this will provide the necessary plugins for audio and video playback.
From this screen you must choose your installation options. In this example, I am installing to an empty disk with no other operating systems or data present. If you have another operating system present, Ubuntu should find this and give you further options. In this particular example I have chosen the option of "Erase Disk and install Ubuntu". I have also chosen the LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Option as this makes the adding of additional disks at a later date easier to manage. However, it is not necessary to choose this option. (For more information regarding the use of "LVM" see LVM Guide)
Where are you?
From this screen you have the option of specifying your location. If you have an active internet connection, your location should have been automatically chosen. This setting will also be used for your system's time zone. If your location was not automatically found, or you wish to change the current setting, simply type your new location into the search box provided.
At this screen you must select your keyboard settings/layout. In this example I have chosen the keyboard layout "English (UK)". You can also try your keyboard settings out by typing into the test area provided below.
Who are you?
From this next screen you will create your first user on the system. You will be asked to supply a user name and password. You must also provide a name for your system (hostname). It is advisable to Select the option "require my password to login" as extra security (default option).
Welcome to Ubuntu 14.10
This next phase is the actual installation of your operating system. Here your user account, time zone settings and various packages are installed. Progress is indicated along the bottom of the screen. While the installation takes place, you will be displayed a small slide show indicating some of the software and features of Ubuntu 14.10.
Congratulations, your Ubuntu 14.10 installation has now completed successfully. You will now need to restart your computer to use your new system. Please remove any installation media from your drive.
Ubuntu 14.10 Login Screen
Once your system has booted, you should be taken to a login screen similar to the one shown (assuming that you went with the default setting of "require my password to login"). At this screen you must enter the password for the user you created earlier.
Ubuntu Unity Desktop
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Ubuntu 14.10. If you have any issues with Ubuntu or would like to find more about Ubuntu, you can often find solutions and answers from the official Ubuntu forum site: Ask Ubuntu