Install Ubuntu MATE
Install Ubuntu MATE 16.04
Ubuntu MATE 16.04
Ubuntu MATE is based on the popular Ubuntu Linux Distribution. As the name suggests, Ubuntu MATE makes use of the popular MATE desktop which is a continuation of the development of GNOME 2. Ubuntu MATE 16.04 is the latest release (officially released April 21st 2016). Ubuntu MATE comes as standard with Libre Office 5 (Full Office suite), Firefox Web browser, Thunderbird Email client, Shotwell Photo manager, VLC media player, RhythmBox Music Player and Brasero CD/DVD authoring utility. Ubuntu MATE has modest hardware requirements meaning it can be used on lower end hardware as well as the latest hardware. The recommended minimum hardware requirements are as follows:
|Pentium III 750 MHz||Core 2 Duo 1.6 GHz|
|512 MB of RAM||2 GB of RAM|
|10 GB of available space on the hard disk||16 GB of available space on the hard disk|
|Video Adapter and monitor with 1024 x 768 or higher resolution||3D capable Video Adapter and wide screen monitor with 1366 x 768 or higher resolution|
|Bootable DVD Drive||Bootable DVD Drive|
|Keyboard and Mouse||Keyboard and Mouse|
|Sound Card and Speakers||Sound Card and Speakers|
Installing Ubuntu MATE 16.04
To try Ubuntu MATE 16.04, simply download the image that matches your systems architecture (processor type) (32 bit or 64 bit) from the link below:
Download Ubuntu MATE 16.04
Once you have downloaded your iso image of Ubuntu MATE that matches your system, you will need to burn this iso image to a DVD. For software that can do this, you can search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box provided above. Your computer may already have CD/DVD burning software already installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu MATE, you will need to place your DVD disc into the DVD drive of the target system and reboot your system. As your computer system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your system's BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once this change has been made, you can now reboot your system and follow the installation Instructions below. If you are installing into a Virtual Environment, simply copy the "iso" image to the relevant location provided by your software.
Once your system has booted, you will be greeted with the "Welcome" screen similar to the image below. From this screen you have the options to "Try Ubuntu MATE" or "Install Ubuntu MATE". If you choose the "Try Ubuntu MATE" option, you can try Ubuntu MATE 16.04 without installing anything to your systems hard drive. This option is useful as it allows you to test your wifi settings and try out the Operating System before committing to any installation. To install Ubuntu MATE on to your hard drive, choose the option "Install Ubuntu MATE". On the left hand of the screen you must choose the language that you would like to be used throughout your installation. In the example below "English" has been chosen. A link is also provided below to allow you to read the official release notes for this version of Ubuntu MATE.
Preparing to Install Ubuntu MATE 16.04
At this screen you have the options of installing "third party software" and "downloading updates". It is recommended to install the "third party" software as this will provide your system with any necessary codecs/plugins for playing audio and video files. You may also choose to install any available updates to your system whilst you are carrying out your installation. In the example below, both options have been selected. Once you have made your choices, click on the "Continue" button in the lower right hand corner.
At this screen several installation options are available to choose from. In this example, I am installing to an empty disk with no other operating systems or data present. If you have another operating system present, Ubuntu MATE should find this and give you additional options regarding installing this new system along side the existing system. In this particular example I have chosen the option of "Erase disk and install Ubuntu MATE". You may also choose the LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Option as this makes for the adding of additional disks at a later date easier to manage. However, it is not necessary to choose the "LVM" option.
(For more information regarding the use of "LVM" see the LVM Guide) An option for the encrypting of your installation is available. You may wish to consider this option if your system is a portable device such as a Laptop or Netbook. If you would like to create your own partitions on your disk manually, then an option of "Something else" can be selected. Once you have made your choices, click on the "Install Now" option to continue with the installation.
Write the changes to disk?
Before you can continue with your installation, you will have to confirm you are happy to apply the displayed changes to your disks. Click "Continue" or use the option "Go Back" to make any amendments to your selections.
Where are you?
At this screen you must specify your geographical location. If you have an active internet connection, your location is normally found automatically. This location setting will also be used for your system's "Time Zone" settings. If your location was not automatically found, or you wish to change the currently displayed location, simply type your new location into the search box provided below.
At this next screen you can select your keyboard settings/layout. In this example I have chosen the keyboard layout "English (UK)". You can also try your keyboard settings by typing into the text box area below. Once you have made your choices, click "Continue" to carry on with the installation process.
Who are you?
At this screen you must provide the name of a user for your system and provide a name for your computer (hostname). You are asked to provide a password for this new user. By default, you will be asked to provide this password at the login screen. An option to encrypt your home area for added security is also available. To select this option, simply place a tick in the selection box. Once you have made your choices, click "Continue".
Welcome to Ubuntu MATE
As the software is installed on your system, progress is indicated along the bottom of the screen. If you click on the ">" arrow buttons at the side of the screen, you can look at a slide show indicating some of the new features and software that are provided with this release of Ubuntu MATE. No further action is required at this stage of the installation process.
Congratulations, your Ubuntu MATE 16.04 installation is now complete. You will now need to restart your computer to use your new installation. Please remove any installation media from your drives. Click "Restart Now".
Ubuntu MATE Login Screen
Once your system has started, you should see a login screen similar to the one shown below (assuming you chose the enter a password option). At this screen you must enter the password for the user you created in the earlier steps.
Ubuntu MATE Desktop
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Ubuntu MATE 16.04. You are now at the MATE desktop. Initially, you will be displayed with a welcome screen where features and links can be found. To access all your software, click on the "Applications" menu in the upper left hand corner of the screen.
Ubuntu MATE Software Boutique
Additional Software can be installed from the command line, or by using the "Software Boutique". You may also choose to install one of the available "Software Centres" that allow access to the full Ubuntu Software catalogue (App Grid, Software and Ubuntu Software Centre). Links to various genres of software are across the top and popular choices of software are displayed to the side.