Ubuntu Server

Install Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS

Installing Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS

Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS is similar to the Ubuntu Desktop edition, however, it does not by default install the X Window environment. The installation method is also very different as it uses a text based installation interface as opposed to the traditional Graphical User Interface. A graphical desktop can be installed at a later date if desired. The Ubuntu Server edition is mainly aimed at the Enterprise/Data Centres. During the installation you can choose from various server roles and packages to install. To download the Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr) simply click on the link: Download Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS

Once you have downloaded the "iso" image, you will need to burn this to a DVD. For software that can achieve this, simply search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box above. Your system may already have CD/DVD burning software such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu Server to your DVD, you will place the disk in the target system and then reboot this system . As your system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display the a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the Instructions below.

Use the arrow keys and Tab key to highlight selections and the "enter" key to confirm your chosen option

Select Language for your Installation

Highlight your chosen language for this installation of Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS. In this example, "English" has been chosen.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 Language Selection

Install Ubuntu - Installation Screen

At this screen you must select the option "Install Ubuntu Server".

Ubuntu Server 14.04 Install Screen

Choose Language to be used during Installation

Select the Language you wish to use for this installation of Ubuntu Server. In this example I have chosen "English"

Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS - Select your Language

Choose your Location

Select your current location. This will be used for setting your system time zone and your system locale settings. In the example "United Kingdom" has been selected.

Ubuntu Server language Selection Screen

Configuring the Keyboard

From this screen you will need to select your keyboard settings. The system can try and automatically detect your keyboard settings, however, it is often easier to select "No" and choose your settings from the menu. In this example, I chosen to manually select my keyboard settings from the list provided.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS Keyboard Settings

Configuring the Keyboard Manually

From this screen, select the country of origin for your computer. In this example I have chosen "English (UK).

Ubuntu Server Manually selecting keyboard

Keyboard Layout

Please select the layout that matches your keyboard. In this example I have gone with "English (UK)".

Ubuntu Server - Keyboard Layout

Loading Additional Components and Configuring the Network

The next phase automatically loads additional components and will try to configure your network if you have an available DHCP server. In this example I have a DHCP server available. However, you may select the option to go back and manually configure your network with a static IP address.

Ubuntu Server - Keyboard Layout

Configuring the Hostname for your server

At this screen you must supply a unique host name for your server. In the example I have used the name "ubuntusrv02". You may use any name that matches your naming conventions. From this screen you may also go back and manually configure your network if desired.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Host Name Configuration

Set-up User Name for system

At this screen, enter the name of the user that you would like to create an account for.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 Create User Screen

Create a Password for your account

Next you will need to supply a password that is to be used with this account. Where possible use a mixture of upper and lower-case letters, numbers and punctuation marks for added security. You will be asked to confirm the password you entered.

Enter a Password

Encrypting your home directory

At this screen you have the option of encrypting your home area. In the example, I have chosen not to go with this option. If you have sensitive data on your system, you may wish to choose this option.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS - Encrypt home directory

Confirm your Time Zone

At this screen you can change your Time Zone if it is not correct, otherwise choose the option "Yes" to continue with the installation.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS - Configure the Clock

Partitioning your Disks

At this screen you can choose which options to use for "Disk Partitioning". In this example I have chosen the option "Guided - Use entire disk and set-up LVM. (The LVM option is chosen as it allows additional disks to be added easily at a later date. For an overview of "LVM" Logical Volume Management, see the LVM Guide

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Partitioning Schemes for Disk

Select Disk to Partition

Highlight the disk you would like to partition for this installation. In this example, there is only one disk available. Press "Enter" to continue if you are happy with your selection.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Selecting Disk to Partition

Confirm - Write Changes to Disk

At this screen you must confirm that you are happy to go ahead and write your changes to disk. Highlight the "Yes" option to continue with the installation.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Write changes to disk

Select Volume Group Size to be used

From this screen you must choose how much space you would like to allocate to your new Volume Group. You can specify a percentage of the available space or use "max". In the example I have used all space available.

Ubuntu Server - Volume Group Size selection

Confirm your changes and write to disk

If you are happy with the displayed configuration, select the option "Yes" to write these changes to disk. Otherwise select the option "No".

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Confirm Disk layout

Installation Continues - Installing the System

A progress box should now appear displaying the current progress for the installation of the base system. No action is required here.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Installing the Base System

HTTP Proxy Configuration

If you require access to a Proxy server to connect to the outside world, simply enter your credentials as per the screen shot below. In this example, I am not using a Proxy server so I have left this entry blank and highlighted the "Continue" option.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - HTTP Proxy configuration

Configuring Updates to your System

From this screen you must choose one of the options for updates/patching of your server. You can select to have "No automatic updates", "Install Security Updates Automatically" or "Manage system with Landscape". The latter option uses special software to deploy updates to your servers. In this example I have gone with "No automatic updates".

Ubuntu Server 14.04 LTS Update Selection

Software Selection

At this next screen you can choose any additional software that you require to be installed. This will mainly be dependant on what role(s) this server is to be used for. I have chosen only to install the "ssh" OpenSSH Server component. This is desirable for remote administration. To select any of the components, simply highlight the option and press the "Space" key to select. If you decide to install any additional components at a point after the initial installation, this can be done with the "tasksel" command. Your installation will now continue and install any additional components.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Software Selection

Installing the GRUB Bootloader

At this screen you must confirm that you are happy to install the GRUB bootloader to the Master Boot Record (MBR). If you are happy for this action to take place, choose the "Yes" option to continue with this installation.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - Installing the GRUB Bootloader

Installation is Complete

Congratulations, your installation is now complete. You now need to boot your new system. Please remove any media from your drives before continuing.

Ubuntu Server 14.04 - First Boot

Ubuntu Login Screen

At this screen you must login with the account that you created in the previous steps. In the example below, you can see that I have logged in with the user "john". An overview of my current system is displayed.

Ubuntu Server Terminal Screen