Install Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS
Installing Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS is the latest release of Canonical's Server Edition. This latest version is the LTS (Long Term Support) version that will receive updates for the next 5 years. The installation method for Ubuntu Server is quite different from that of the desktop edition. Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS is installed from a a text based installation interface as opposed to the traditional Graphical User Interface. By default, Ubuntu server does not have a graphical desktop, however, this can be installed later if required. The Ubuntu Server edition is mainly aimed at the Enterprise/Data Centres, however, it is ideal for a home backup server solution and a media server. To download the Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) release simply click on the link: Download Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS
Once you have downloaded the "iso" image, you will need to burn this to a DVD. For software that can achieve this, simply search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box above. Your system may already have CD/DVD burning software such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu Server to your DVD, you will place the disk in the target system and then reboot this system . As your system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display the a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the Instructions below. If you are installing into a Virtualized Environment Like VMWare or Oracle VM, simply copy the iso image to the relevant system folder.
Use the arrow keys and Enter key to Navigate the various selections.
Select Language for your Installation
Highlight your chosen language for the installation of Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS. In this example below, "English" has been chosen. Once you have highlighted your chosen option, press "Enter"
At this screen you can select your keyboard layout. In the example "English (UK) has been selected. Once you have made your selections, scroll down and click on "Done
Ubuntu 18.04 Install
At this screen you have three options available. In the example, we are going to go with the default standard Ubuntu Server Installation. Once your selection has been highlighted, click the "Enter" key.
At this screen, you can choose an interface to configure. If you are connected to a network with a DHCP server, you will be assigned a DHCP IP address automatically. Generally, most server installations require a static IP address. To configure a Static IP address, highlight the interface "enp0s3" and press "Enter". (Your interfaces may have different names depending on your hardware.)
Network Interface Configuration
Once you have highlighted the interface and pressed "Enter", you will see an option screen similar to the one below. Here you can select the option of configuring a Static IP address. Highlight the option "Use a static IPv4 configuration". Now press "Enter. You will now be taken to a configuration screen.
Configuring a Static IP Address
In the boxes below, you are required to enter your network details. You will need to enter your Subnet, the IP address you wish to be assigned, the Gateway, your DNS servers and any domain search information. You will need to amend the values to match your network. Once you have entered your network information, scroll down to "Save" and press "Enter".
Confirm your Network Options
An overview now will be displayed indicating your chosen IP addressing information. If you are happy to continue with the installation, scroll down to "Done" and press "Enter".
Network Connection Overview
At this screen, highlight the option "Done" and press "Enter.
Configure Proxy Server
If your system is required to use a Proxy server, then you must enter your details here. If you do not require a Proxy server, then this can be left blank. Once you have made your choice, scroll down to "Done" and press "Enter".
At this screen you can choose how you would like to configure your systems disk/filesystem layout. If you wish to use the entire disk and take the default configuration, then highlight the option "Use An Entire Disk". If you would prefer to manually configure your filesystems and use Logical Volume Management, then choose the option "manual. In this example, I have gone with the default configuration. Once you have made your choice, press "Enter".
Select Target Disk
At this screen you must confirm the disk you wish to use for your installation of Ubuntu 18.04. Once highlighted, press "Enter.
Your choice(s) should now be displayed. If you are happy to continue select the option "Done" or if you wish to make any changes, use the option "Back".
Confirm Destructive Actions
To continue with the installation and write to the disk you specified, you will need to select the option"Continue".
At the Profile screen, you must provide a userid, server name (hostname) and a password to be used by the user. You also have the option to import a "SSH" identity to your server if required. Once you have entered your details select "Done" and press "Enter".
At this point, you have now completed the basic installation for your Ubuntu Server. You may now select the option "Reboot Now".
At this screen you must provide the username that what was created in the earlier steps. In this example I have used my name "john". Once logged in, you will be presented with a screen similar to the one below. From here, you can now start to use your server.