Install Elementary OS


What is Elementary OS

Elementary OS is a Linux Operating system that is based on the popular Linux distribution Ubuntu. Elementary shares the same software repositories as Ubuntu. Software/packages are installed from the Ubuntu Software Centre. What makes Elementary OS stand out from other Ubuntu based systems is its customised look and feel. Elementary OS uses the "Pantheon Desktop" environment.

Custom core applications have been written to handle Music, Videos, Mail and Photos. Elementary uses "Epiphany" as a fast light weight web browser. Software such as Libre Office, Brasero and other popular packages can be installed quickly and easily from the Software Centre.

Installing Elementary 5.1

Elementary OS can be downloaded from the official site: Download Elementary OS

Initially you are asked to pay what you want for the download. This value can be anything from nothing to whatever you would like to give. You may click on the "Custom" option and choose any amount you wish to give. Once you have downloaded the relevant "iso" image that matches your systems architecture, you will need to burn this image to a DVD. For software that can do this, search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box above. Your computer may already have CD/DVD burning software such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". If you are installing into a virtualised environment, simply copy the "iso" file to the relevant directory. Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Elementary to your DVD, you will need to leave the DVD in the DVD drive and reboot your system. As your computer reboots, you will need to select the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display the a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the Instructions below.

Welcome Screen

Elementary will load quickly to a "Welcome" screen giving you several options. Here you must choose the language to use for your system. The two main options from this screen are "Try elementary" and "Install elementary". If you choose the "Try" option, you can try out elementary without having to install any software. If you choose the installation option, elementary will be installed on your system. In this example I have gone with the option to install elementary.

Elementary OS Welcome Screen

Keyboard Layout

At this screen you can select your keyboard settings and layout. In the example below I have chosen the keyboard layout "English (UK)". You can also try your keyboard settings by typing into the text box area provided. Once you have made your selection, click "Continue".

Elementary OS Keyboard Layout

Updates and Other Software

The following screen gives you the option to download updates whilst installing Elementary and also the option of installing third party software for Wi-Fi hardware, Graphics and Media playback. Both of these options are recommended.

Elementary OS install Updates

Installation Type

At this screen several installation options are available to choose from. In the example below, I am installing to an empty disk with no other operating systems or data present. If you have another operating system present, Elementary should find this and give you additional options regarding installing this new system along side the existing system. In this particular example I have chosen the option of "Erase disk and install elementary". You may also choose the LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Option as this makes for the adding of additional disks at a later date easier to manage. However, it is not necessary to choose the "LVM" option. An option is also available for you to encrypt your installation. This added security option is recommended if you are using a mobile device such as a Laptop or Notebook.

Elementary OS Installation Type

Write the changes to disk

Before you can continue with your installation, you will have to confirm you are happy with the changes that are going to be made to your disk(s). Click "Continue" or use the option "Go Back" to make any amendments to your previous selections.

Elementary OS Write changes to disk

Where are you?

From this screen you must choose your geographical location. If you have an active "Internet" connection, your location should be found automatically for you. This location setting will also be used for your system's time zone settings. If your location was not automatically found, or you wish to change the currently displayed location, simply type your new location into the search box provided.

Elementary OS Where are you?

Who are you?

The following screen requires you to create a user on your system and provide a name (hostname) to identify your computer on your network. You will be asked to provide a user name and password. It is advisable to Select the option "require my password to login" as extra security (this is the default option). Once you have made your choices, click on "Continue".

Elementary OS Who are you?

Copying Files and Installing

This next phase is the actual installation of your new Operating System. As the software is installed, progress is indicated along the bottom of the screen.

Elementary OS Installing

Installation Complete

Congratulations, your Elementary OS installation is now complete. You will now need to restart your computer to use your new installation. Please remove any installation media from your drives. Click "Restart Now" to start using your new system.

Elementary OS Installation Complete

Elementary OS Login Screen

Once your system has started, you should see a login screen similar to the one shown below. At this screen you must click on the user you created and enter the password you created in the previous steps.

Elementary OS Login Screen

Elementary Desktop

When you first login, you will be given several options to choose from. These include giving permission to Location Services, Activating a Screen Night Light filter and Automatic Housekeeping of old temp files. Select any of the settings that you want or select "Skip All".

Elementary Desktop Screen