How to install ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Code Named "Focal Fossa" is the latest "Long Term Support" release of Ubuntu Linux (Official Release Date August 6th 2020). Ubuntu 20.04 LTS comes with 5 years of support and updates from Canonical. Ubuntu Linux is one of the most popular desktop distributions suited to both new and experienced users of the Linux Operating System. Included within this release of Ubuntu you will get as standard the Firefox Web Browser, RhythmBox Music Player and Manager, a Full Office Suite (Libre Office Version 6), Shotwell Photo Manager. The popular email client ThunderBird is also included as default. Ubuntu 20.04 LTS now comes as standard with the Gnome Shell desktop. There is also a "Minimal Install" option that installs with only a file manager, web browser and essential utilities. To download and install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Linux Operating system, simply follow the instructional guide below.
Installing Ubuntu Linux (Ubuntu 20.04 LTS)
To try Ubuntu 20.04, simply click on the link below and follow the Download Instructions: Download Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Once you have downloaded your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu 20.04, you will need to burn this image to a DVD. For software that can do this, you can search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box provided above. Your computer may already have CD/DVD burning software already installed such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu to your Media, you will need to place your DVD disc into the DVD drive of the target system and reboot your system. As your computer system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your system's BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once this change has been made, you can now reboot your system and follow the installation guide below. If you are installing into a Virtual Environment, simply copy the downloaded "iso" image to the relevant location provided by your software. If you are installing onto a computer that does not have an optical drive (CD/DVD), then you will need to copy the "iso" image to a USB stick and choose the option to boot from USB device. For instructions on how to make a bootable USB device, follow the link:
Making a bootable USB device for Ubuntu: Create USB Bootable Device
Once your system has booted, you will be greeted with a welcome screen similar to the one below. At this screen you have the option of "Try Ubuntu" or "Install Ubuntu". If you choose the option of "Try Ubuntu", you can try Ubuntu 20.04 LTS without installing anything to your systems hard drive. This option is very useful as it allows you to test your wifi settings and try out the operating system before committing to an installation. To "Install Ubuntu" Linux on to your hard drive, choose the option "Install Ubuntu". On the left of the screen you are given an option of selecting the Language that is to be used throughout your installation. In the example below "English" has been chosen. A link is also provided that allows you to read the official release notes for this version of Ubuntu Linux.
At this screen you can select your keyboard settings and layout. In the example below I have chosen the keyboard layout "English (UK)". You can also try your keyboard settings by typing into the text box area provided. Once you have made your selection, click "Continue".
Updates and Other Software
The following screen now has two Installation types to choose from. You may choose "Normal Installation" to install all the standard packages and software that comes with this release of Ubuntu or choose the new option of "Minimal Installation" for the installation of only the basic essential packages such as a web browser and file manager etc... The option of downloading updates while installing Ubuntu and installing third-party software for graphics, wi-fi hardware and additional media formats is also available. In the example below, The "Normal Installation" option, and both the "Update" and "Third-party" options have been selected. Once you have made your choices, click on the "Continue" button in the lower right hand corner.
At this screen several installation options are available to choose from. In the example below, I am installing to an empty disk with no other operating systems or data present. If you have another operating system present, Ubuntu should find this and give you additional options regarding installing this new system along side the existing system. In this particular example I have chosen the option of "Erase disk and install Ubuntu". You may also choose the LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Option as this makes for the adding of additional disks at a later date easier to manage. However, it is not necessary to choose the "LVM" option.
(For more information regarding "LVM" see the LVM Guide
An option for the encrypting of your installation is available. You may wish to consider this option if your system is a portable device such as a Laptop or Netbook. If you would like to create your own partitions manually, then an option of "Something else" can be selected. Once you have made your selections, click on the "Install Now" option to continue with the installation.
Write the changes to disk
Before you can continue with your installation, you will have to confirm you are happy with the changes that are going to be made to your disk(s). Click "Continue" or use the option "Go Back" to make any amendments to your previous selections.
Where are you?
From this screen you must choose your geographical location. If you have an active "Internet" connection, your location should be found automatically for you. This location setting will also be used for your system's time zone settings. If your location was not automatically found, or you wish to change the currently displayed location, simply type your new location into the search box provided.
Who are you?
The following screen requires you to create a user on your system and provide a name (hostname) to identify your computer on your network. You will be asked to provide a user name and password. It is advisable to Select the option "require my password to login" as extra security (this is the default option). Once you have made your choices, click on "Continue".
Welcome to Ubuntu
This next phase is the actual installation of your new Operating System. As the software is installed, progress is indicated along the bottom of the screen. A slide show presentation can be viewed by clicking on the ">" arrows located to the side of the screen. Here you can get a quick overview of some of the new features and software that are included within this release of Ubuntu. No further action is required at this stage of the installation process.
Congratulations, your Ubuntu 20.04 LTS installation is now complete. You will now need to restart your computer to use your new installation. Please remove any installation media from your drives. Click "Restart Now" to start using your new system.
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Login Screen
Once your system has started, you should see a login screen similar to the one shown below. At this screen you must click on the user you created and enter the password you created in the previous steps.
Connect your Online Accounts
At this screen you have the option of connecting any existing accounts from popular resources. If you don't need to connect any accounts, click on the "skip" button in the upper right hand corner of the screen.
As this is the first time the system has been started, you may see a message indicating that updates are available for your system. To install the updates, click on the "Install Now" option. The updates will download and install. Once the update procedure has finished, you will be probably be asked to "Restart" your system. This can be achieved by clicking on the option "Restart Now" when prompted.