Install Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS
How to install Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS is the latest release of Canonical's Server Edition. This latest version is the LTS (Long Term Support) version that will receive updates for the next 5 years. The installation method for Ubuntu Server is quite different from that of the desktop edition. Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS is installed from a a text based installation interface as opposed to the traditional Graphical User Interface. By default, Ubuntu server does not have a graphical desktop, however, this can be installed later if required. The Ubuntu Server edition is mainly aimed at the Enterprise/Data Centres, however, it is ideal for a home backup server solution and a media server. To download the Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) release simply click on the link: Download Ubuntu Server
Once you have downloaded the "iso" image, you will need to burn this to a DVD. For software that can achieve this, simply search for "dvd iso burning software" in the search box above. Your system may already have CD/DVD burning software such as "Brasero, K3B, Nero, CDBurnerXP or Roxio". Once you have burned your chosen "iso" image of Ubuntu Server to your DVD, you will place the disk in the target system and then reboot this system . As your system reboots, you will need to press the appropriate key to access your system's BIOS settings. On many systems this key will be "F8", "F11" or "F12". Most systems will display the a message indicating which key needs to be pressed. Once you have access to your BIOS settings, you will need to modify the boot order of your system to boot from CD/DVD first. Once you have made this change, you can reboot your system and follow the Instructions below. If you are installing into a Virtualized Environment Like VMWare or Oracle VM, simply copy the iso image to the relevant system folder.
Use the arrow keys and Enter key to Navigate the various selections.
Select Language for your installation
Highlight your chosen language for the installation of Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS. In this example below, "English" has been chosen. Once you have highlighted your chosen option, press "Enter"
At this screen you can select your keyboard layout. In the example "English (UK) has been selected. Once you have made your selections, scroll down and click on "Done
At this screen, you can choose an interface to configure. If you are connected to a network with a DHCP server, you will be assigned a DHCP IP address automatically. Generally, most server installations require a static IP address. To configure a Static IP address, highlight the interface "enp1s0" and press "Enter". You will then be asked to enter your IP address, Netmask and Gateway information along with the IP address of your Name Servers (DNS). Your interfaces may have different names depending on your hardware. In this particular example, I am going to use DHCP to assign an IP address automatically.
Configure Proxy Server
If your system is required to use a Proxy server, then you must enter your details here. If you do not require a Proxy server, then this can be left blank. Once you have made your choice, scroll down to "Done" and press "Enter".
If you need to use a different archive mirror to obtain updates and patches, you may enter those details at this screen.
At this screen you can define your storage. You can use the default layout "Use an entire disk" Or select the custom option where you can define your own layout. In this example, I have gone with the default layout and chosen the LVM option.
The next screen will give you a summary of what changes are going to be made to your disk(s). Information regarding the Volume Groups and Logical Volume sizes are displayed. If you need to amend any configurations, you can either reset these or go back to change any settings.
Confirm Destructive Action
The following screen requires you to confirm that you are happy to proceed with your installation. Any data currently on the specified disk(s) will be wiped. Select "Continue" to start the installation process.
This next screen allows you to create a user on your system. Here you must provide a user and password details and also provide the hostname of your server.
This screen gives you the option of installing the "OpenSSH Server" package. This package gives you secure remote access to your server.
Featured Server Snaps
At this screen you will find a list of popular packages that can be installed on your server. To select any package, move to the line containing the relevant package and press the "Space" bar.
The following screen will now display progress of your servers installation.
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Ubuntu Server. However, before you can start using your system, you must reboot the server. Select "Reboot Now" and press "Enter"
Once your server has rebooted, you may now login with the account you created in the previous steps. You will be given an initial login screen similar to the one below. Here you will get a quick overview of your systems current storage and information regarding any updates that may be available.